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Text by: Rabbi Dr Naftali Brawer From original: Halakhic Bulletin - Erev Pesach on Shabbat (2008/5768) Available online:here
We would like to thank to the Borehamwood and Elstree Synagogue for the permission to publish this great article!
The times/Zmanim in the article are valid for the Borehamwood and Elstree area (close to London), so you have to adjust them to your location.
Thursday 17 April
Normally Ta'anit Bekhorot (the fast of the firstborn) takes place on
Since this year Erev Peasch falls on Shabbat, we fast on the previous
To avoid fasting one may participate in a Siyum (the celebratory
conclusion of a Talmudic tractate) which will take place at the Shul
following Shachrit at 6:50 am
Bedikat Chametz (the search for Chametz) takes place this evening.
Search your entire house for any Chametz. Put aside your findings to
be burnt the next morning.
The Kol Chamirah declaration is recited after the search.
By now your house should be ready for Pesach, although strictly
speaking one may Kosher their kitchen until Shabbat begins tomorrow
Friday 18 April
Normally Mizmor Le-Todah and Lamnatze'akh are omitted during
Shachrit on Erev Pesach, today however, they are included.
Burning the Chametz The Chametz from last night's search should be burned no later than
The Kol Chamirah recitation is omitted as it will be recited tomorrow. The sale of Chametz should also be completed by 11:50am.
The evening Shabbat meal
Although we have already burned and sold our Chametz we must still
keep enough Challah to recite ha-Motzi for the Friday night and
Shabbat day meals. Since the house including the kitchen is already
Kosher for Pesach one must be careful not to eat off Pesach dishes or
to leave any crumbs around. It is therefore advisable to use small
Challah rolls that can easily and completely be consumed. These
should be eaten over a cloth or placemat. Any crumbs remaining
should be carefully shaken out into the toilet and flushed. After the
Challah is eaten and the cloth or placemat is removed one can resume
with their Kosher for Pesach Shabbat meal. It is not advisable to have
any other Chametz besides the Challah!
Shabbat 19 April
Shabbat morning services begin and end much earlier than usual to
enable everyone to make ha-Motzi and finish eating Chametz
before 10:39am when the prohibition comes into force. Therefore we
will be holding Shabbat morning services at 7:00am!
In order to enable everyone to return home quickly after the service
we will be holding services in Elstree and Southside in addition to
Upon returning home one should repeat the same procedure as last
night with regard to the Challah. This must be completed by 10:39
am after which all Chametz is strictly forbidden. After clearing
the last remaining Chametz one should recite the Kol Chamirah which
was omitted yesterday at the Chametz burning.
Preparing for the Seder
On Shabbat it is forbidden to prepare anything for after Shabbat. This
includes preparing for the Seder. Therefore as much as possible
preparations should be completed before Shabbat commences. This
may include setting the table and preparing various dishes. A simple
solution would be to set up the Seder table in the dinning room on
Erev Shabbat and to eat the Shabbat meals in the kitchen.
Since Chametz is forbidden by late morning onwards and Matzah may
not be eaten before the Seder, the third Shabbat meal should consist
of fish, meat or fruit.
Mincah & Ma'ariv
Because Shabbat goes out so late, Mincha & Ma'ariv services will be
held at the same three locations in Elstree, Southside and Croxdale to
enable everyone to get home shortly after Shabbat to begin the Seder.
After Mincha we read the Magid section of the Hagadah
Ma'ariv and Havdalah
The Seder must not commence before nightfall when Shabbat goes
out. This means the Seder cannot begin before 8:55pm. At this
time Ma ariv will be recited at the services. For women at home it is
sufficient to recite Barukh ha-mavdil bein Kodesh le-Chol (Blessed
is He who distinguishes between the Holy and the profane) after which
they can light the Yom Tov candles and begin preparing for the Seder.
It is important to remember that the second Seder
may also not commence before nightfall at 8:56.
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